Melody Stevens Realty, LLC


Medford was founded on a frigid December 20, 1883, as a depot on the Oregon-California Railroad. Its name was likely borrowed from a town in Massachusetts that was dear to David Loring, a local railroad engineer.

Medford’s beginning was as unoriginal as its stolen name; it felt  like the numerous other railroad towns of its time, complete with weathered wood storefronts and several saloons. The over-romanticized days of gun slinging were soon holstered by the discovery that one could pull from the valley’s fertile soil some mighty fine fruit, especially pears.

Thus began the pear boom of 1900-1910. Newcomers swelled Medford's population by almost 400% during the decade, making it the third fastest growing city in the United States.  The next event to bolster the economy was the need for post World War II products.  With the postwar housing boom creating a huge demand, timber overtook agriculture as the area's most influential industry. 

Today diverse industries such as tourism and software development further enhance the area, which has essentially been preserved from the blights usually associated with strong development.

Medford and Surrounding Communities

Medford is the largest city in Jackson County, with a population of 66,090.  Since 1990, over 70 percent of the County's population growth has taken place in Medford, Ashland and Central Point.  The fastest growing cities in Jackson County are Central Point and Eagle Point.  Following closely behind are Medford and Phoenix.  Jackson County has a growth rate of about 2% per year for the last 15 years.

Jackson County’s population is projected at 187,144, according to Oregon’s Department of Administrative Services.  

The median age of Jackson County residents, in 2002, was 39.2 years, up from 36.7 years in 1990.  This compares to the State of Oregon’s average of 37.4 years in 2002, up from 36.5 years in 2000.  The number of persons in the middle working age group of 45-54, which includes the “baby boom” generation that is rapidly advancing toward retirement. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin comprise the largest ethnic group in the Rogue Valley.  In the last two years, the number of Hispanic or Latino persons increased from 6.7 percent, to 8.3 percent of the population.  Other races that incurred increases of population in Jackson County include Asian, American Indian and Alaska Native, and Black or African American.


At 1,382 feet above sea level, Medford is protected by surrounding mountains, which include the Cascades, the rugged Coastal Range and the Siskiyou Mountains.  The area is favored with a mild climate.  Annual average rainfall is 18-20 inches, about the same as San Francisco.  The seasons are clearly defined, with temperatures generally mild overall.  

Yearly snowfall is common and heavy in the mountains, but light on the valley floor where it normally melts within a few hours.  The median winter temperature is 31 degrees.  Summers are warm with a median temperature of 90.5 degrees and an average of 15 days over 100 degrees.  Humidity is low.  The average growing season is 170 days.

2002 Weather Data


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Data from National Weather Service: (541) 776-4303

Average Home Prices

Housing Costs

Area Cost

Jackson County


East Medford


West Medford




Central Point


Average Rent

Rentals (per month)

Medford Ashland

2 bedroom apartment

$400 - $700 

$550 - $850 

 3 bedroom house

$650 – $1,200

$950 - $1,600

Tax Rate:


Oregon property tax applies to privately owned real property such as land, homes, farms, stores, factories, warehouses and commercial offices.  Property tax in Oregon is used entirely for the support of public schools, cities, counties and special districts.  The assessed value of a specific property is allowed to rise by no more than 3% each year, irrespective of inflation or rises in the property's real market value.

Property in Oregon is currently assessed at 80% of real market value, the lowest value the property could reasonably be expected to sell for during the tax year.  In 1998-99, the average property tax rate for the state was $11.3 for every $1,000 of a property's real market value.  The average property tax rate for Jackson County was $9.9 per $1,000.



Average Oregonians paid approximately $107 per thousand in personal income in 1996, which compares to a U.S. average of $113 per thousand.  In 1999, Oregon ranked 34th with respect to total state & local taxes per capita.  In other words, 33 states had a greater tax burden than Oregon in 1999.

Source: Oregon Department of Revenue 7/97, 955 Center St. NE, Salem OR 97310, (503) 378-4988.


Medical Community
Retirement and Health Care

Southern Oregon retirees enjoy the peace of mind that comes with the area’s advanced medical facilities. Combine this with the bounty of outdoor and cultural activities, moderate population and pleasant seasons and you’ll discover why this area ranks among the top places to call home.

The Rogue River Valley has the most comprehensive medical facilities found between Portland and San Francisco. Retirees who adopt our Northwest style of living are well served by two hospitals, a surgery center, a 24-hour emergency airborne system called Mercy Flights, as well as other medical support. 

 Retirement Living

The Rogue Valley is blessed with many quality retirement facilities that provide exceptional living. With so many options, retirees are able to make specific decisions about their golden years, decisions that are often dictated by fixed incomes.

Retirement Communities


Anna Maria Creekside

(541) 774-1822

Fountain Plaza

(541) 772-6005

Horton Plaza

(541) 770-1122

Mountain Meadows

(541) 482-6372

Prime Time Retirement

(541) 779-6943

Rogue River Estates Retirement Center

(541) 779-7201

Rogue Valley Manor

(541) 857-7777

Royal Oak Retirement Center

(541) 779-0790

Waterford at Three Fountains

(541) 773-7718


Locally owned Asante Health System is the region’s most comprehensive health care provider and its flagship hospital Rogue Valley Medical Center has played a leading role in Medford’s emergence as the region’s premier source for health care. 

Asante, a not-for-profit health system that serves more than 530,000 residents in nine southern Oregon and northern California counties, is governed by a volunteer board of directors composed of local physicians and community leaders. The organization’s mission is simple: “Asante exists to provide quality health care services in a compassionate manner, valued by the communities we serve.”

Five values guide Asante: excellence, respect, honesty, service and teamwork. Those words, defined and embraced by Asante’s 3,200 employees, guide the system as it provides the best in health care. Asante has again been named one of the 100 Best Companies to Work for in Oregon and offers employees not only competitive wages and benefits but an opportunity to make a difference in people’s lives.

RVMC is the regional referral and trauma center featuring the latest medical technology and clinical expertise. RVMC is the only Oregon hospital to be honored in 2001 as one of the nation’s Top 100 Cardiovascular Hospitals, a distinction the 305-bed hospital has earned two years running. RVMC features state-of-the-art technology in its Dubs Cancer Center and a top-notch women and children’s program that includes the region’s only neonatal intensive care unit. RVMC also offers comprehensive neurology and neurosurgery, orthopedics and a complete rehabilitation program, a nationally recognized diabetes care center, an occupational health program, home care and hospice services and a sleep lab.

Asante also operates Three Rivers Community Hospital (TRCH) in Grants Pass, a brand-new community hospital that opened in 2001 and offers a wide range of high-quality medical care to residents of Josephine County and beyond.

Genesis Recovery Center in Central Point, the region’s only medically-based addiction recovery center, and Hearthstone in Medford, a 151-bed skilled nursing facility, are also part of Asante. In 2001, Asante created a new entity focused on the health and wellness needs of employers and their employees: Asante Work Health. From wellness and prevention programs to treating on-the-job injuries, Asante Work Health offers a full range of services designed to bring wellness to the workplace.

Providence Health System is the Pacific Northwest's largest and oldest  network of non-profit hospitals, clinics, physicians, health plans and allied health services. With more than 13,000 employees, Providence is the third largest private employer in Oregon. Providence Health System was ranked 9th in the "Top 100 Integrated Healthcare Networks" by Modern Healthcare magazine.

There are two components to Providence Health System in Southern Oregon. Providence Medical Group is an affiliated group of 24 internal medicine and family practice physicians with locations in Medford, Central Point and Shady Cove. Providence Medford Medical Center is a 168-bed medical center offering all-private rooms. Our care team is composed of more than 325 physicians, 1,000 employees, and 350 volunteers who strive to create the best possible healing environment. Our experienced staff of nurses and specialists possesses the skills with which to provide the highest quality of compassionate care with respect for personal dignity. PMMC is fully accredited by the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations, the American College of Radiology for Mammography, the College of American Pathologists for the Laboratory and the Commission for the Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities.

Five core values guide our work. Our Mission is carried out by the employees, volunteers, physicians and others who work together in a spirit of service that reflects our core values.

  • Respect: We affirm the God given dignity and worth of each person.

  • Compassion: We care for each person as part of our family.

  • Justice: We work for a fair and equitable society.

  • Excellence: We continually improve all that we do.

  • Stewardship: We wisely care for and share human, environmental, and   financial resources held in trust.

Providence's new web site brings information about Providence Medford Medical Center -- its services, programs and free health classes, as well as a comprehensive online health information library -- into the homes of computer users for free. Of special note is a monthly feature called "Eye on Your Health" that focuses on in-depth articles about contemporary health issues.  Providence Cancer Center offers the most advanced diagnostic equipment and radiation technology to the region. As a comprehensive regional cancer center, Providence Cancer Center provides a full range of services including diagnosis, outpatient and acute care treatment, patient and family education, a resource library, support groups, home care and hospice.

Providence BirthPlace was designated the 26th Baby-FriendlyTM birth facility in the United States by UNICEF and the World Health Organization. The BirthPlace offers eight home-like labor and delivery rooms.  Diagnostic Imaging is a state-of-the-art department featuring mammography, nuclear medicine, MRI, two CT scanners, radiographic/fluoroscopy room, and heart catheterization laboratory.

Other services at Providence include: Adult Day Health, Critical Care Unit, Diabetes Learning Center, Emergency Services, Enterostomal Therapy, Home Health and Hospice, Inpatient Oncology, Providence Center for Occupational Medicine, Providence Regional Rehabilitation Center, Respiratory Services, Senior Services, Surgical Services, including same day surgery wing.

Manufacturing major employers:

The greater Medford area is home to a wide variety of large and small manufacturing plants.  Leading class groups of products include lumber and wood products, fruit packs, grain crops, construction products, microfilm products and sophisticated bearings and cylinders.  

Company Peak Employment Product
Bear Creek Corporation 2,000-5,000 Fresh Fruit Packing & 
Gift Fruits
Boise Cascade Corporation 850 Plywood/Lamination & Beams
Eastman Kodak 420 Magnetic Imaging Material
Timber Products 350 Veneer & Plywood
Commercial Printing 291 Printing, Copying & Graphic Design
Medford Fabrication 173 Steel Fabrication

Non-manufacturing major employers:

Company Peak Employment Product
Asante Health System 2,700 Medical Facility
Providence Medford Medical Center 1,200 Medical Facility
Medford 549C School District 1,171 School District
City of Medford 547 City Govt., Fire, Police, Public Works
Rogue Valley Manor 500 Retirement Community
Lithia Motors 420 Car Sales



50 interstate and intrastate carriers serve the area.


Central Oregon and Pacific Railroad (freight only).
Amtrak passenger rail (service is available in Klamath Falls 75 miles east of Medford).


Greyhound Bus Lines, Rogue Valley Transit District (city bus system).


United Airlines, United Shuttle, Horizon Air, America West and charter firms for passengers and freight.


Ashland, Central Point/Gold Hill, Eagle Point/White City, Medford and Phoenix/Talent each have their own school district. Each District has several elementary schools, 1-2 middle schools, 1-2 middle schools and 1-2 high schools.

There are also 12 private schools in the Rogue Valley area.



Total Student Population Student/Teacher Ratio Avg. Class Size Grade 1 Avg. Class Size High School
Central Point 4,643 23 25 32
Eagle Point 4,072 20 21 28
North Medford 7,689 25 27 32
South Medford 8,602 27 27 30
Phoenix/Talent 2,756 19 22 28

For current school information, contact: Medford School Dist. #549C, (541) 776-8600; Central Point School Dist. #6, (541) 664-6611; Eagle Point School Dist. #(, (541) 830-1200; Phoenix-Talent School Dist. #4, (541) 535-1511





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